The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Ordedienst (O.D.)




Memorial on the Minderbroedersberg, Maastricht

In Maastricht, next to the main building of the university, there is a memorial with names and, at the left side of these, the following text: “On this site there was a Franciscan cloister from 1865 to 1970. In 1941, the building was confiscated by the German occupiers and converted into a prison. In April 1942, the OD trial of Maastricht took place in the refectory of the cloister. After being sentenced to death, twenty-four resistance members were taken from here to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp (Germany) and murdered there in the early morning of May 11, 1942. Their names are listed here.”

The O.D. or Ordedienst (Order Service) was founded by demobilized soldiers of the Dutch Armed Forces. For a better understanding, a comparison with its Belgian sister organization, the Secret Army, is interesting. . To learn more about their diverse goals, see: What were L.O., K.P., O.D. and R.V.V.?. In short, there were individuals and groups within the OD who focused exclusively on the arrival of the Allies, while others saw opportunities to act even before then. The persons on this list of fallen resisters, of course, belonged to the latter category. One example is Charles Bongaerts, co-founder of the OD in Heerlen, who was blamed within the group for his “reckless actions”.
For more information, see Cammaert, Chapter VIII
This link is unfortunately without translation. By the way, do you already know the translator Deepl.com?



Proclamation of the O.D.

Ordedienst (O.D.) – 35 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Bakker,
Johan
∗ 1877-12-26
Den Helder
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - The Erelijst 1940-1945 (honor roll of the Dutch parliament) [1] lists him as a businessman; the oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, the Dutch foundation for war graves [5] is more precise: gasket manufacturer. But the photo (used everywhere, so also here) shows a man in uniform. Was this photo taken in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Boer, de
Willem
∗ 1908-07-16
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Willem de Boer was a commercial agent and kept radio contact with England [1]. According to the Dodenboek Oranjehotel (Book of the Dead) [7] he was a member of the O.G.-group Naarden-Bussum, but that should probably read O.D.-group, in view of the day he was shot in Oranienburg together with many …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that the Dutch army held to the very end, repulsing heavy assaults from the German forces. After …

wall: left, row 16-01
Bos,
Louis
∗ 1924-11-10
Helden
† 1944-09-25
Neerkant Liessel
Helden - dutch soldier - Ordedienst - Louis Bos lived in Helden [1]. Son of the farmers Wilhelmus Bos and Anna Elisabeth Wolters. Unmarried. Farmer. Roman Catholic. [2]
The person in question was in hiding in Deurne and belonged to the OD there. Was shot by the Germans during the recapture …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Bosch, ten
Berend
∗ 1893-03-26
Charlois
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Berend ten Bosch was an electrical engineer and co-founder of the OD  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Bouman,
Martinus
Bob
∗ 1899-05-05
Gouda
† 1943-05-02
Maastricht
Roermond - CCD - early resistance - Ordedienst - april/may strike - Zwarte Plak - Martinus Antonius Marie Bouman was a first lieutenant in the KNIL (Dutch Colonial Army), then chief controller with the C.C.D. in Limburg and East Brabant. He helped downed Allies and prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. In 1940 and 1941 still on his own, then with R.H. van de Vin …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 04-04
Buikes,
Jacob
∗ 1903-02-22
Den Haag
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Jacobus Johannes Hendrikus Buikes was a sergeant-airplane builder before the war and came into contact with the OD as a result.

Was arrested on October 27, 1941. The reason given was espionage. Deported to Oranjehotel in Scheveningen. In March 1942 he was transferred from …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Groot,
Simon Petrus
Jan
∗ 1924-05-15
Alkmaar
† 1944-09-20
Sevenum
Sevenum - Ordedienst - Office clerk. The farm “Rust Roest” of family Groot in Sevenum was a source of resistance during the war. People in hiding were housed there and the resistance met here regularly. On Wednesday 20 September 1944, three Germans arrived on the scene and a firefight ensued. Not only two …

wall: right, row 14-03
Grootheest, van
Gerard Catharinus
Gerard
∗ 1918-10-12
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Student - OD-Proces - Gerard van Grootheest was the local leader of the Amersfoort chemical service [7] and a student of indology at the RU in Utrecht [4]. He distributed banned printed matter and supported illegal transmission of intelligence information to England, in collaboration with the group around Hans …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Henderson,
Franciscus Hubertus Antonius
Frans
∗ 1881-12-26
Maastricht
† 1943-11-22
kamp Vught
Meerssen - Maastricht - Ordedienst - Frans Henderson’s father was a NCO in the 2nd Infantry Regiment in Maastricht. [1#1]
Frans married Maria Francisca Geertsen on August 17, 1907 in Nijmegen [2]. The family moved to Meerssen on 1 October 1926 [1#2] where his wife died on 7 September 1939. [1#1]
He was …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Hoof, van
Jan Jozef Lambert
Redder van de Waalbrug
∗ 1922-08-07
Nijmegen
† 1944-09-19
Nijmegen
Nijmegen - L.O. - Ordedienst - The outskirts of Limburg - On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof guided an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was shot on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was caught by German soldiers and subsequently killed by gunshot to the head.
Posthumously …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Huurman,
Tijmen Bastiaan
Tijmen
∗ 1891-02-14
Groningen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Books of the Dead, Oranjehotel [13]

Tijmen Bastiaan Huurman was an engineer at Kondor and a first lieutenant in the reserves [1] The following information about his military career comes from wikimedia.org [2]

Jans,
Katie
∗ 1923-07-24
Venlo
† 1945-01-06
Venlo
- Venlo - L.O. - - Ordedienst - person in hiding - She was a daughter of reserve Major General Jacobus Jans, commander of the OD in Limburg, and the sister of his successor Leo Jans. The latter, after his arrest, was …

wall: right, row 29-01
Laak, van der
Nicolaas Antonius
∗ 1908-08-10
Soerabaja
† 1945-02-06
Sittard
Sittard - Ordedienst - Nicolaas Antonius van der Laak was a mechanical engineer [6], manager and member of the resistance. [5]
Do you know more? Write us!
He died due to the privations he suffered. [1#3]
His wife writes about this: My husband worked at the OD. Through his work he …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-20
Lopes de Leaô Laguna,
Jacob
∗ 1901-10-21
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Jew - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Jacob Lopes de Leaô Laguna was a factory manager and a reserve captain. He was one of the many demobilized Dutch soldiers who, after the surrender on May 10, 1940, would not and could not comply with the German requirement to stand aside, including the part of the OD that wanted more than just …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Mennen,
Jan
∗ 1918-10-13
Roggel
† 1944-09-27
Roggel
Roggel - Ordedienst - Johannes Joseph Mennen was a baker. Picture of the memorial plaque at the monument in Roggel, which reads: “This monument was erected in memory of the resistance fighters …

wall: right, row 11-04
Miché,
Bernardus Marcus
Bernard
∗ 1887-07-30
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Linotype typesetting machine, Wikimedia → → →

Bernard Miché was a machine typesetter. [3]
These were people who did typesetting …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Muis,
Johan /Jan
∗ 1914-08-28
Venray
† 1944-09-26
Roggel
Roggel - Ordedienst - Johannes Petrus Nicolaas Muis graduated from the Gymnasium I.C. of the Franciscans in Venray in 1928 and then attended the Kweekschool (teacher education) Kleine Beek in Venlo. On March 1, 1936, he became a teacher at the Catholic boys’ school "Sint Jozef" in Roggel. Also active with a boys …

wall: right, row 11-05
Plitscher,
Chris
∗ 1907-09-15
Susteren
† 1944-11-11
Wassenberg, D
Susteren - L.O. - Ordedienst - Chris was a shunter at the railroad company. “In Susteren, the same people worked for both the O.D. and the L.O.. At first Father Bleijs from Roermond asked railroad official …

wall: right, row 20-05
Reulen,
Albert
Bèr
∗ 1916-11-12
Roermond
† 1944-06-10
Overveen
Roermond - L.O. - K.P. - Ordedienst - Butcher, factory worker and involved in the resistance groups Ordedienst (OD), Landelijke Organisatie voor Hulp aan Onderduikers (LO) and the KP (knokploegen, armed groups) of Roermond and later of Alkmaar, behause Reulen and  …

wall: right, row 10-01
Saive,
Jozef
∗ 1924-04-23
Vaals
† 1945-03-20
Vaals
Vaals - dutch soldier - Ordedienst - Photo: detail of the monument dedicated to Jeu Saive on the Belgian border in the Vijlenerbos or Schimperbos. (Wikimedia)

Jozef (nickname …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-25

Schuijl,
Pieter Johannes
Pieter
∗ 1886-02-28
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Pieter Schuijl was a retired civil servant [5]. On October 16, 1941, he was arrested in Harderwijk [1] and taken to the Oranjehotel. [2]
He was sentenced to death at the OD trial in Maastricht [3] and transported from there to Oranienburg, where he was murdered at the edge of the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Sickenga,
Jaap
∗ 1918-07-14
Haarlem
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - Ordedienst - Student - OD-Proces - Jaap Sickenga was a student of the Dutch language, a poet and a Dutch resistance fighter in the Ordedienst during the Second World War. He and his friend Hans Zomer [1], who had returned from England with a radio transmitter, were arrested on August 31, 1941 as a result of the Englandspiel …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Simmelink,
Karel Herman Hendrik
Jan v.d. Plas
∗ 1916-10-24
Zevenaar
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Haelen - L.O. - Ordedienst - person in hiding - Karel Simmelink was a primary school teacher [1#1] at the Paredis School in Roermond. [2]
Joseph Johannes Wilhelmus Simmelink, Karel’s father, was headmaster of the same school [9] and also active in the resistance. In the Carpe Diem, the summer house of Simmelink sr. …

wall: left, row 12-04
Smidt,
Alex Klaas
Lex
∗ 1914-11-22
Diepenveen
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Book of the Dead 3, Oranjehotel Foundation [2].

Lex Smidt was a member of the rugby club ’t Gooi since November 1940. On its website [1] it is stated that he served as a sergeant in the motor service, which provided drivers and vehicles in the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Smink,
Harmen
∗ 1919-11-26
Harderwijk
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - The source of the text below is mostly the English version of Traces of War. [1]
The photograph is from the Death Book of the Orange Hotel. [4]
Harmen Smink did his military service as a wachtmeester (~ sergeant) with the motorized artillery. After the May war in 1940 he joined …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Smit,
Daniel Johan
∗ 1909-11-14
Haarlem
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Daniel Smit worked at the construction company Kondor. [3]
He was arrested in September 1941 and spent about eight months in the Oranjehotel before being taken to Maastricht, sentenced to death there, and murdered in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, we read in the Book of the Dead of …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Smits,
Gerard Frank
Frank
∗ 1919-08-29
Heerlen
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
Hulsberg - early resistance - Ordedienst - Student - During the mobilization he was a cornet (= ensign) in the mounted artillery. Later, as a law student, he refused to sign the declaration of loyalty to the Germans and joined the resistance movement. He mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airfields and passed them on to the allies. [1] He …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerard Frank Smits op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 24-04
Stad, van der
Nicolaas
∗ 1890-02-07
Nijmegen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Cellist, muziekleraar, directeur Muziek Lyceum Amsterdam en Nijmeegsche Volksmuzieschool. Oprichter O.D. en Parool in Nijmegen. Zat in de landelijke OD-top. gearresteerd op 4 oktober 1941. Waarschijnlijk gefusilleerd in kamp Sachsenhausen te Oranienburg.  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Stoffels,
Marcel
Starkenborg
∗ 1914-06-27
Brunssum
† 1944-08-11
Vught
Brunssum - Roermond - L.O. - Ordedienst - person in hiding - Marcel Elbert Jozef Marie Stoffels was an employee in an office. After a period of resistance activities in Apeldoorn, he went into hiding in Roermond when the members of the Dutch army were to be taken prisoner of war again.Through the mediation of Father Ludovicus Adrianus Bleijs …

wall: left, row 06-02
Tobben,
Harrie /Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - carillon - Former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I (O.N. I) in Heerlen, which was uncovered by the SiPo. In …

wall: left, row 19-05
Veerman,
Christiaan Jac.
Lou
∗ 1887-07-27
Kesteren
† 1945-01-17
Siegburg (D)
Geleen - press - Ordedienst - forced labor - Former soldier and after his demobilization overseer in the state mine Maurits in Geleen. He was in contact with the OD group in Heerlen and Charles Bongaerts and thus became a member of the network that published the Limburg resistance …

wall: left, row 09-05
Voncken,
Willem Louis
Willem
∗ 1889-02-19
Maastricht
† 1942-05-03
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Willem Voncken completed the secondary school Bisschoppelijk College in Roermond. This was followed by military officer training at the KMA (Royal Military Academy) in Breda. At the start of the war on May 10, 1940, he was a major in the army [1] and assigned to the depot Wielrijders …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Woudt, van ’t
Cornelis
∗ 1897-12-16
Overschie
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Cornelis Johannes IJsbrand van ’t Woudt was a captain in the coastal artillery.
He was arrested for espionage on September 24, 1941 - sat in the "Oranjehotel", cell 640 until March 30 - transferred to Maastricht on April 24, 1942, where he was sentenced to death - taken away on May …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Zomer,
Johannes J.
Hans
∗ 1920-11-06
Probolinggo
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
Ordedienst - OD-Proces - en

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-