1914 – Belgian and French refugees in ValkenburgOriginal size 853 × 618 px
“On 4 August 1914 Germany marched into Belgium without a formal declaration of war. Immediately after the attack, the refugee stream into the Netherlands began. On the first day, 52 Belgian soldiers came to the Netherlands and by September they were thousands of people. When Antwerp fell on Oct. 10, an estimated 40,000 soldiers and a million citizens escaped to the Netherlands. A further estimate of E. H. Kossmann and H. Pirenne speaks about at least half a million refugees from Antwerp, of which hundreds of thousands are in the Netherlands”.
Text on the back side of the picture below:
“Hall Falcobergia, war year 1914, French and Belgian refugees in Valkenburg”