Ene Man dä hau en distelvink,
Häe hau se lejver wie sie kenk,
Häe hau se lejver wie sing frau
En häe hau se hange ajen katzau..
Katzau = Weaving loom in the regional dialect. Probably a corruption of the Dutch word „getouw“. For what concerns the Southern Netherlands the beginning of the weaving industry was in Flanders.
Family History = Regional History
Schunck Kettenis: Emergence, booming and decline of the textile industry. The last active Weber from this family, Hermann Schunck, retired himself and his weaving mill on November 30, 1972. Hereunder mainly follows the history of the weaver family Schunck in Kettenis.
Schunck Heerlen: Emergence, booming and decline of the coal mining in the Netherlands.
Simultaneously with the mining industry, Heerlen grew explosively from 5000 to 95,000 inhabitants. Around the turn of the century in 1900, Schunck had to employ sales personnel from outside the family. As was customary, these people lived at Schunck's. With the closure of the coal mine Oranje Nassau I in December 1974, the production of coal in Limburg - and thus in the Netherlands in general - came to a standstill. In 1995 the store A.Schunck was sold to Berden.
The history of the battles, government beginnings, marriages and other things which our heads of state used to do sometime, will become much more interesting if we also know what their subjects did in the same time. As a wardrobe we can take, for the princes as well as for the subjects, their family trees. At them we can hang up the stories of which their family histories exist.
At this page we go back to the weavers Schunck in Kettenis, where our ancestor Arnold Schunck came from. Both family stories (Schunck Kettenis and Schunck Heerlen) are close-knit with the history of the places, where they happened. In Kettenis this was the emergence, booming and decline of the wool industry in the region around Eupen, in Heerlen the emergence, booming and decline of the mining industry. Thus our family history becomes even more: the history of two whole regions can be found in it.
Why are family history and family tree treated here only via the fatherly line? Why not, for example, the mother of the father of the mother etc. ?
What concerns the family Schunck and many other families we do not have to search a long time for it: not only the surname, also the living was transmitted via this line. This applies for the weavers Schunck in Kettenis as well as for the department store in Heerlen. Only at the end this changed, at least in Heerlen: the last manager, who owned at the same time the biggest block of shares of the company A. Schunck, was Christine Dohmen-Schunck. This is why via the patriarchal line we find at the same time the history of the business and of the family, intertwined with each others. One of the weavers Schunck in Kettenis shows in his family chronicle clearly that was identical for him.
The first ancestor Schunck who is known till present:
In 1680 the first „Feintuchmanufaktur“ (fine cloth weaving manufactory) was founded in Eupen. The small hand weaving mills continued provisionally and profited from the boom. At that time most weavers were home weavers who worked by order. The completion occurred with the entrepreneur’s, but bit by bit weaving itself was also shifted to the manufactory.
Ideal conditions on the textile trade in and around Eupen:
This also applies to Aachen, Vaals, Monschau and Verviers.
It is still visible there in many monuments from the boom period.
Work at home, winter work for farmers.
Besides, the guild freedom was valid for Eupen.
Heavy terms of employment (pneumoconioses, child employment)
These names also come from the registers of the parish Saint Katharina in Kettenis:
1713 - The booming of the textile trade in the area of Eupen and Verviers increases, after the Spanish Netherlands fall to the Austrian Habsburgs, particularly during the period of empress Maria Theresia. (1740-1780)
1789 - Start of the French Revolution
In 1794, during the French Revolution, the area became a part of France.
1815 - Congress of Vienna. The region of Eupen becomes a part of the Rhine province of Prussia.
By the end of the 19th century: Origin of the capital-intensive mechanical weaving industry, particularly in towns (sufficiently man power).
Home weaving decreases.
1870-1873 - There was still a last upswing, as a result of the German Unification. But finally his heirs had to choose:
Right: Fam. Schunck-Herné, 1895
Leo - Nikolaus - Heinrich - Josef- Luise - Fina
Maria - Severin Joseph - Agnes Herné - Carl (Karl)
Right: Fam. Schunck-Deneffe 1909
Nikolaus - Joseph - August - Henriette - Greta (Gretha) Deneffe - Willy
Hermann - Rudolf - Maria
Another example is the friendship between Hermann and Pierre Schunck, who shared among others their love of genealogy. (This has been continued by their respective sons Karl Heinz and Arnold, the author of this site.)