Johann Hillebrand
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Johann Hillebrand is listed in the Resistance Memorial on the
left wall, row 25 #01

Limburg 1940-1945,
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The fallen resistance people in Limburg


Johann Hillebrand

 12-07-1922 Herzogenrath (D)      10-06-1944 Liège (21)
- Secret Army (B) - Belgium - Kerkrade -

Geheim Leger Armée Secrète

    Johann Hillebrand was a miner in Belgium. Belonged there to the resistance organization <Armée Secrète (A.S.) or Geheim Leger (Secret Army). [1]
    This was at first primarily an anti-communist organization. It was, like the OD in the Netherlands, formed from an initiative of royalist professional soldiers from the pre-war army. Their aim was to prevent a power vacuum towards the end of the war, for fear of a communist coup. Unlike parts of the OD, the A.S. became a real resistance organization, engaged in, among other things, raids on German trains and army cars. In April 1944 Johann was arrested, in June shot for illegal possession of weapons. According to kerkradewiki [2] during an escape attempt on 4 May 1943.
    In the citadel of Liège you find on the cemetery Enclos des Fusillés 415 memorial crosses resp. graves of present bodies. On Description du site [3] it says: “A Dutchman was repatriated on September 17, 1957.” That must be Johann, because he is now (re)buried in the National Field of Honor in Loenen. [4][6]
    In Liège he is incorrectly listed as Johana [5], apparantly due to a reading error. The date of death there (11 June 1944) hardly differs from the information at (10 June 1944). [7]

    Reburied on the National Field of Honor in Loenen, grave E894 [6]


    1. Geheim Leger/ Armée secrète (B), Wikipedia • NederlandsEnglishFrançais
    2. Verzet tijdens de tweede wereldoorlog/
    3. Enclos des Fusillés, Liège, Description du site
    4. Archief Oorlogsgravenstichting (@ Nationaal archief), Dossier Johann Hillebrand #4
    5. Johana Hillebrand
    6. Nationaal Ereveld Loenen, oorlogsmonumenten
      Wikipedia • NederlandsDeutsch