All resistants, who play a role in this story on Valkenburg and its surroundings.
– 55 persons
Berckel Karel C. van, Heerlen
Berix Jan Willem , Heerlen
Betuw Johannes Petrus Maria van, Heerlen
Brands Lambert , Valkenburg
Caldenborg A. , Houthem
Caubo Jean-Michel , Schin op Geul, Paris
Cobbenhaegen Frans Alexander ,
Coenen Jan Hubert , Simpelveld
Corbey George , Valkenburg
Cornips Constant Jozef Ernest , Heerlen
Crasborn Jacobus Reinier Peter , Heerlen
Cremers Annie , Valkenburg
Cremers Hein , Valkenburg
Cremers Wielke , Valkenburg
Dahmen Leo , Valkenburg
Delahaye Pauline , IJzeren
Donners Kaspar , Valkenburg
Flachs Käthe ,
Francotte Wilhelm Joseph , Vaals
Freysen /Freijsen Wilhelmus Agathus Petrus , Valkenburg
Geelen Theodorus Gertrudis Hubertus , Meerssen
Goossen Theo J.M. , Kerkrade
Gronden Abraham Cornelis van der,
Gronden Gerrit Jan van der, Valkenburg
Grotaers Coen , Berg en Terblijt
Hendriks J. , Berg en Terblijt
Hennekens G. Hub , Valkenburg
Horsmans Louis (Gerardus Aloysius Antonius) ,
Horsmans Wim (Willem Bernard Jozef) ,
Hout Jan (Johannes Franciscus) van, Tilburg
Jansen Sjir / Gerard , Geulhem
Jaspers Marie-Thérèse , Klimmen
Kooten Bep van, Klimmen
Laar J. van de, Margraten
Laeven Albert Hubert ,
Laeven H.P.August , Schin op Geul
Lambriks Jo , Valkenburg
Meijs Sjeng , Valkenburg
Nijst Charles Joseph , Valkenburg
Ogtrop Harie van, Valkenburg
Peusens gezusters ,
Prompers Nicolaas Maria Hubertus , Heerlen, Broekhem
Roks /Rocks Jan Joseph , Valkenburg
Roy Hubertus Andreas van, Valkenburg
Schoenmakers F. , Sibbe
Schunck Pierre , Valkenburg
Schunck-Cremers Gerda , Valkenburg
Smits Gerard Frank , Hulsberg
Soesman Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus , Maastricht
Starmans J. , Valkenburg
Ven Johannes Hendrikus op de, Valkenburg
Vroemen Joseph Hendrik Hubert , Valkenburg
Westerhoven Jan van,
Willems Victor Benedictus Josephus , Valkenburg
Wolf G.A. , Sibbe
Our soldiers can no longer do anything. Now it is our turn.
We will get in the way of the Germans wherever we can.
Henri Vullinghs on the first day of the occupation, May 10, 1940.
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Pierre Schunck, ∗ 24-03-1906 in Heerlen, ⚭ 03-10-1936 Gerda Cremers in Valkenburg, † 02-02-1993 in Kerkrade.
He gained fame mainly because he led the resistance organization L.O. in Valkenburg during WW2.
Identity Cards of the Resistance for Gerda and Pierre Schunck-Cremers
Issued by „Voormalig Verzet Limburg“ (Association of Veterans of the Resistance), registration number (KvK) V 187800
One of the regular occasions on which the members of the VVL met was the annual commemoration in September of their fallen comrades on the Cauberg in Valkenburg. Because in September 1944 most of Limburg (NL) was liberated. In the meantime, this reunion does not take place anymore, as the former resistance fighters are either already deceased or too old. The commemoration of the dead on the Cauberg now takes place, as everywhere in the Netherlands, on May 4.
When preparing the commemoration celebrations Valkenburg 2019 – 75 years liberated, it turned out that almost nobody knew what the resistance in Valkenburg did. In fact, it was hardly known, especially among the youth, that there had been a resistance against the Nazi’s at all. Why is it important that this memory is kept alive? Of course, many will immediately answer, because that should never happen again. Of course that’s true, but everyone knows that history is NOT repeating itself. Hitler is dead and the current right wing populists are not just a copy of the Nazi’s. But still, there have been things back then that we still have to watch over now.
The Gestapo (Secret State Police) would have been jealous of all the options available to today’s internet giants, such as Google, Amazon, Facebook and so on, to spy on us. Today this is not done for political but for commercial reasons. The fact that the religion of people is registered in many countries does not have any political reason either. But still: when the Nazis came to power in Germany, they immediately kwew how to find the Jews, the gypsies, the unionists, the communists etc. When the wrong government is in power, all data collected can be used against us. In China this is already happening in a very effective way.
The resistance started small, almost unnoticed even by those who committed resistance. Until they suddenly realized that they were in the middle of it.
With fascism it is just like that. It starts small. Bullying at school or at work. “Because” someone is different. Different belief, different skin color, different gender orientation – whatever. And in order not to be completely shut out, the victim often laughs with them. Bullies therefore often do not even notice that they are bullying someone. It becomes worse when that bullying happens in order to make feel better the bullies as a group. This way especially disadvantaged groups often feel attracted by foreigners’ haters. Because “we don’t have nothing, but at least we are civilized people“.
Then suddenly it becomes a movement, a party, a mass murder.
If you see someone inciting to hate others, say NO. If you see someone being excluded because he or she is different: resist!
Because the resistance that’s US!
This text is from my contribution to the memorial book “Valkenburg 75 years liberated”
The organized resistance in Valkenburg consisted mainly of assistance to hundreds of people in hiding, the so-called onderduikers, which is the Dutch word for divers. For example, men who did not want to work in the German war industry. The subdistrict consisted of Valkenburg, Berg and Terblijt, Sibbe, Margraten, Schin op Geul, Klimmen and Houthem. Each parish had a diver’s leader who had direct contact with the diving addresses. Couriers (mostly women) maintained the connection with the district management. Less and less was written down because of the dangers. Partly because of that, but also because of stupid luck, the LO had no losses in Valkenburg.
Since 1943, people who wanted to go into hiding came in increasing numbers from all parts of the Netherlands, although there were many German soldiers in the seized hotels in Valkenburg. But the presence of so many occupiers turned out to be a plus. Except for the KP-people Coenen and Francotte, who were beaten from one hotel to the other, before they were murdered on the Cauberg during the last days of the occupation. (The KP was the armed arm of the resistance in South-Limburg. They had their HQ in a farm in Ulestraten.)
Quite a lot of people in hiding worked in hotel kitchens, etc. They could therefore earn their own livelihood, as well as people in hiding who were housed with farmers. They hardly needed help in the form of coupons. Many of those, who were in hiding with farmers, received an agricultural exemption from Brands, the boss of the food local agency and could then legally reside and work there.
The rest of about one hundred and fifty people in hiding needed help from by means of ration stamps. That number fluctuated. There are no precise numbers, since they did not write down anything. At the distribution office next to the current chairlift to the Wilhelmina tower, the officials Freysen and Willems put aside between five hundred and eight hundred ration cards every month.
The Jews of Valkenburg did not survive the war to a large extent. Almost nobody could believe that those stories about extermination camps were real. But dozens of Jews, also from elsewhere, found shelter here.
Arnold Schunck, son of the subdistrict leader Pierre Schunck
I have to add: I do not know anything about the fate of Sinti or other Roma in Valkenburg, if here were any at all during the occupation.
Digital name memorial Oranjehotel Jan van Lieshout, Het Hannibalspiel
Loenen Field of Honour
Markante feiten in Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog Stichting Struikelstenen Valkenburg Roermond Front City Camp Vught National Memorial
The Margraten Boys - About the US War Cemetery
The Jewish Monument
When the miners go on strike against the German occupiers Persecuted in Limburg Ons verblijf in het dorp Mergel (dagboek) (Meerssen 1989) Beelden van verzet Regional Historic Center Limburg
La résistance durant la guerre 1940-1945 Stichting Herinnering LO-LKP Short historic American film about the Divers Inn Database persoonsbewijzen uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog Memorial stone for the resistance people Coenen and Francotte Resistance Memorial of the dutch province of Limburg Call to everyone, but especially to the residents of Valkenburg Roll of honor of the fallen, 1940 - 1945 Grenzeloos verzet The hidden front
World War II in South Limburg Institute for Studies on War, Holocaust and Genocide
Limburg gaf joden WOII meeste kans Tweede Wereldoorlog en bijzondere rechtspleging The Dutch Underground and the Stoottroepers
Links List Resistance WW2
It is one of the most frequently asked questions: who was imprisoned in the Orange Hotel? Unfortunately, there is no complete list of all prisoners. Much of the prison records were destroyed by the German occupiers shortly before the liberation.
See also Oranjehotel & Waalsdorpervlakte82
A sinister game during World War II of the counterintelligence service of the Kriegsmarine (Marineabwehr), which led to the downfall of three Dutch-Belgian resistance groups, ISBN 10: 9026945744 ISBN 13: 978902694574880
Over 3,900 war victims are buried at Loenen Field of Honour and include those who lost their lives in different places around the world due to various circumstances. There are military personnel, members of the resistance, people who escaped the Netherlands and went to England during the first years of the WWII to join the Allies (‘Engelandvaarders’), victims of reprisal and forced labour and …79
Remarkable facts in (Belgian) Limburg during the Second World War
Anyone who thinks that hardly any resistance took place in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium should definitely read this document. The emphasis is on the armed resistance. Author: Mathieu Rutten.78
Also 45 Jews deported from Valkenburg did not return. The Stichting Struikelstenen Valkenburg (“Foundation Stumbling Stones Valkenburg”) was established to place so-called stumbling stones in the sidewalk in front of the house from which they were deported, in memory of the murdered Jews from Valkenburg. With a complete list.
See also Stolperstein on Wikipedia.77
Series of stories by Eric Munnicks about the last months of the war.
See also the other War Stories of the Roermond Municipal Archives. Unfortunately no translation available. 76
The Camp Vught National Memorial (Nationaal Monument Kamp Vught) is located on a part of the former SS camp Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch, also known as Camp Vught (January 1943 – September 1944).70
Harrowing and redeeming, this is the history of a unique ‘adoption’ system. For generations, local families, grateful for the sacrifice of their liberators from Nazi occupation, have cared for not only the graves, but the memories, of over 10,000 US soldiers in the cemetery of Margraten in the Netherlands.
Free e-book by Peter Schrijvers. More e-books on WWII, in English and Dutch, by this author: https://www.google.de/search?hl=de&tbo=p&tbm=bks&q=inauthor:%22Peter+Schrijvers%2268
Every victim of the Holocaust who was murdered is memorialised on the Joods Monument with a personal profile. The Jewish Monument is not only suitable for searching and commemorating. You can supplement the monument with photos, documents and stories, by making family connections and adding members of families. To place a call and get in touch with other users. You can also add information about stumbling stones and important other external links.67
The mine strike in Limburg started on April 29th, 1943. The workload was rising and rising. The first Dutch men were forced to work in Germany. The immediate reason was General Christiansen’s order to arrest all released prisoners of war from the Dutch army again and to transport them to Germany. The strike is broken up by means of executions.66
Jews and Sinti in Dutch Limburg during the Second World War
Dissertation by Herman van Rens on 03/22/2013, University of Amsterdam, slightly edited
© 2013 Hilversum65
Our stay in the village of Mergel (diary, Meerssen 1989
Joop Geijsen from Meerssen tells how he and two other boys went into hiding for a year in the limestone caves just outside Meerssen, which was later called the diver’s inn.
As far as we know, sold out and only available in Dutch libraries.64
This book shows, how every Dutch generation deals differently with the past of resistance.
If you can read Dutch, you can find the download link for this essay by Sander Bastiaan Kromhout
Published by the Nationaal Comité 4 en 5 May, 2018
Print edition ISBN 9077294244.62
Limburg has numerous specialized archive institutions that preserve relevant historical sources concerning World War II. However, it is not always clear to the public for which information they can go where. Archives have overlapping work areas, organizations and people have been active in the past in different areas and in different fields. So it often takes a long time to find the right place to find information.
Here you can search, but also share your documents with other interested parties. This can be done by donating them to existing archives or museums, or by making digital copies of the available documents or images.61
It is mainly about the network “Clarence” whose founder was Walther Dewez; evoked are also the names of various agents of Visé and the Fourons that were part of this movement.58
The foundation remembrance of LO-LKP wants to raise awareness of the history of the resistance by the organisations LO and LKP. To this end, she makes the contents of his memorial book and many original documents available to the interested reader in digital form.56
A silent film, shot by a USAmerican team after the liberation of Valkenburg. The first part has been re-enacted, with the help of the Valkenburg resistance. It shows how people going into hiding (divers) were taken to the divers inn. The man in the hat is always Pierre Schunck. The film starts at his home in Plenkertstraat, Valkenburg. The role of the policeman on the bike at the start is not entirely clear. According to the accompanying text, this is a courier.53
About Dutch identity cards in the Second World War as well as images of identity cards in combination with other documents and genealogical and personal data including life stories.49
In front of the Provincial Resistance Monument in Valkenburg. Here the underground fighters Sjeng (John) Coenen and Joep (Joe) Francotte were murdered on 5 September 1944, just before the liberation of Valkenburg48
Every year on May 4, the commemoration ceremony for the fallen of this province takes place here. Meanwhile, also the veterans are no longer among us anymore.47
On September 17, 2019 it will be 75 years ago that the town and all villages of the current municipality of Valkenburg aan de Geul were liberated.
To commemorate the liberation and to display the wartime as accurately as possible, the Museum Land van Valkenburg is looking for personal stories, eye witnesses and tangible memories.
Of all these lifelike stories, materials, photos, footage and equipment, we are organizing a unique and as complete as possible overview exhibition under the name “We Do Remember”46
A website commissioned by the dutch Second Chamber (~ House of Representatives). The Honor Roll of Fallen 1940-1945 includes those who fell as a result of resistance or as a soldier.45
Borderless resistance – On Spying Monks, escape lines and the “Hannibal Game”, 1940-1943
Paul de Jongh describes in detail an escape line from the Netherlands to Belgium. Unique case study on the resistance in World War II on both sides of the Belgian-Dutch border. Focus is on the Belgian side. Extends the book by Cammaert, especially where it concerns the group Erkens in Maastricht.44
History of the organized resistance in the Dutch province of Limburg during World War II
PhD thesis 1994, by CAMMAERT, Alfred Paul Marie.
The complete book in Dutch, with English summary, on the website of the University of Groningen.
Very many pictures ordered by municipality. For Valkenburg: many pictures from the Nazi boarding school for boys Reichsschule der SS (former Jesuit convent) and from the days of liberation, by Frans Hoffman.40
Institute for Studies on War, Holocaust and Genocide
Issues related to war violence generate a lot of interest from society and demand independent academic research. NIOD conducts and stimulates such research and its collections are open to all those who are interested.38
Dutch Jews had the best chance of going into hiding and surviving the Holocaust in the province of Limburg. This is apparent from the dissertation on the persecution of Jews and Sinti in Limburg during the Second World War by the historian from Beek, Herman van Rens at the University of Amsterdam.
More info in Dutch36
About the trials of Dutchmen who collaborated with the occupiers: The so-called special administration of justice. This page shows you the way. Here you will find photos, the most used keywords, references to interesting archives, indexes, websites, personal stories and guides for research.35
Stoottroepen (Stormtroopers) consisted of the ancient resistant fighters who entered in the Dutch army after the liberation of Limburg, to participate in the war against the fascism.15
Digital name memorial Oranjehotel
Jan van Lieshout, Het Hannibalspiel
Loenen Field of Honour
Markante feiten in Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog
Stichting Struikelstenen Valkenburg
Roermond Front City
Camp Vught National Memorial
The Margraten Boys - About the US War Cemetery
The Jewish Monument
When the miners go on strike against the German occupiers
Persecuted in Limburg
Ons verblijf in het dorp Mergel (dagboek) (Meerssen 1989)
Beelden van verzet
Regional Historic Center Limburg
La résistance durant la guerre 1940-1945
Stichting Herinnering LO-LKP
Short historic American film about the Divers Inn
Database persoonsbewijzen uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog
Memorial stone for the resistance people Coenen and Francotte
Resistance Memorial of the dutch province of Limburg
Call to everyone, but especially to the residents of Valkenburg
Roll of honor of the fallen, 1940 - 1945
The hidden front
World War II in South Limburg
Institute for Studies on War, Holocaust and Genocide
Limburg gaf joden WOII meeste kans
Tweede Wereldoorlog en bijzondere rechtspleging
The Dutch Underground and the Stoottroepers