Koeriers van het verzet
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Limburg 1940-1945,
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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

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Couriers of the Resistance

The couriers, of course, delivered messages (and small objects). Initially, this often happened by means of scribbles, but after several waves of arrest, they became more cautious with writing things down. They were people who could move around inconspicuously, such as professional drivers or others who traveled every day for work. Increasingly, this was done by bicycle, and then increasingly by women and girls, such as a “housewife with shopping bags”, because they were not deported to Germany for slave labor and it did not fit into the Nazis’ wa of thinking that a woman could resist at all. Therefore, they were almost never controlled. Not at least because of this, the killed resistance people were almost exclusively men. If a married couple was arrested, in most cases the woman was released again because it was assumed that she alone no longer posed a danger. In addition, there was the idea, still widespread today, that "BEHIND every successful man is a capable woman.”


Koerierster Wikipedia NL

The fallen resistance people in Limburg

Couriers of the Resistance – 21 pers.

Berger,
Alfons Reinoud
Fons
∗ 1925-05-01
Venlo
† 1945-01-22
Neuengamme
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Venlo -

Fons Berger was the eldest son of the mayor of Venlo, who stepped down in 1941, and attended the gymnasium Sint-Thomas College there.
He became a district courier for the L.O. in Venlo,
wall: right, row 28-02
Betuw, van
Johannes Petrus Maria
Jan “Jules”
∗ 1923-08-08
Eygelshoven
† 2015-03-13
Heerlen
- Couriers of the Resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Heerlen - Survivors -

During the war, Jan van Betuw was a bus driver and courier in the LO district of Heerlen under the pseudonym Jules. In this capacity, he narrowly escaped arrest in early 1944 during a check on …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Coehorst,
Frans Gerard Marie Joseph
Frans, “Van Aken”
∗ 1925-09-22
Venlo
† 1944-11-01
Zwickau
- Couriers of the Resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Forced Labor - Venlo -

The 18-year-old Frans Coehorst was asked by Hendrikx after his graduation from high school to work for him as a courier in the Limburg district and …
wall: right, row 27-04
Cremers,
Anna Maria Johanna
Annie
∗ 1924-06-05
Voerendaal
† 2005-08-22
Heerlen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Ambtenaren - Couriers of the Resistance - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Photo: Annie in the distribution office. Family archive.Annie Cremers forged documents for the people in hiding at the so called Municipal Distribution …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Cremers,
Wielke
∗ 1910-07-12
Heerlen
† 1950-08-20
Valkenburg
- Couriers of the Resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Sister of Gerda Cremers and sister-in-law of Pierre Schunck. He wrote about her: “Then I assigned Ms …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Creusen,
Jan Willem
Wiel "oom Kees"
∗ 1893-07-31
Kerkrade
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
- Raad van Verzet (RVV) - Couriers of the Resistance - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Kerkrade -

According to Cammaert [1], Wiel Creusen was a civil servant at the Distribution Office [2] and former chairman of the local Unie. [3]
He was also involved in helping, among …

wall: left, row 26-01
Delahaye,
Pauline
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
- IJzeren - Couriers of the Resistance - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Was a courier for the resistance and among other things she brought the children Cohen to the hamlet IJzeren, where they could go into hiding.
Förster,
Maria Anna Clara
Mies
∗ 1915-11-16
Helmond
† 1945-03-18
Heerlen
- Women in the resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Heerlen -

Nurse, assistant to the medical examiner at the municipal employment office in Heerlen. "She saved numerous approved persons from being sent to Germany for forced labour by changing medical …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-11
Gruijters,
Pierre Emile Joseph
Pierre
∗ 1906-03-14
Eijsden
† 1944-10-08
Effeld
- Underground Press - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Intelligence - Roermond -

Pierre Gruijters was Chief purchaser at the Patent- en Kristalsodafabriek in Linne. Roman Catholic. Member of the resistance. Arranged hiding addresses and provided the Allies …
wall: right, row 06-01
Hekking,
Henri A.
Hens
∗ 1923-09-21
† 1945-04-16
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - Limburg + -

Henny Hekking was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen, together with, among others, his friends Jules Moormann,

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hilkens,
Leonard Peter Joseph
Leo
∗ 1921-05-10
Wessem
† 1944-10-16
Wessem
- Wessem - Couriers of the Resistance - Intelligence -

Leo Hilkens was an agricultural worker. [1#2]
He brought messages from resistance groups to the Allies. When he fought with British and Belgian troops in the liberation of his hometown, he …

wall: right, row 38-03
Jans,
Katie
∗ 1923-07-24
Venlo
† 1945-01-06
Venlo
- Couriers of the Resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Women in the resistance - Venlo -

Katie Jans did messenger work for the LO. In Venlo, the local LO and OD groups worked well together, as in most places in North Limburg. She was a daughter of reserve Major General Jacobus …
wall: right, row 29-01
Jaspers,
Marie-Thérèse
Treesie
∗ 1924-01-11
Klimmen
† 2013-09-08
Imstenrade
- Klimmen - Survivors - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Women in the resistance - Couriers of the Resistance -

Trees Jaspers was the daughter of the notary Jaspers from Klimmen and a sister of Jo Jaspers [1], who was killed in action on May 10, 1940. Trees took over courier services for
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Meijer,
Hendrikus Jozef
Henry /Harry
∗ 1920-10-06
Borne
† 1944-09-05
Vught
- Underground Press - People in hiding - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Studenten - Couriers of the Resistance - Venlo -

The resistance activities of Harry Meijer, a student, teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly …

wall: right, row 29-03
Michels,
Franciscus Gerardus
Frans
∗ 1922-03-09
Merselo
† 1944-11-07
Venray-Leunen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - BS (Domestic Forces) - Intelligence - Venray -

Franciscus Gerardus Michels was a miller. He helped people to hide and after the liberation of Merselo on October 16, 1944, he worked as a courier for the Second British Army. This meant that he …

wall: right, row 31-05
Peusens,
gezusters
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Pierre Schunck schrieb: „Wielke Cremers und die Schwestern Peusens arbeiteten als Kurierinnen“.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - Limburg + - Underground Press -

A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schols,
Albertus Eugenius Leonardus
Ab
∗ 1916-04-10
Maastricht
† 1944-10-25
Effeld (D)
- Underground Press - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Maastricht -

Ab Schols was department head at the rijksverkeersinspectie (National Traffic Inspectorate) and deputy secretary of the director. During the occupation he was an collaborator of L.O. leaders …
wall: left, row 36-02
Snijders,
Johannes Franciscus
Frans
∗ 1916-09-16
Helden L.
† 1944-09-05
Vught
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Police - Weert - Underground Press -

Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je …
wall: right, row 35-05
Soree,
Hubertina
Bertha
∗ 1906-06-04
Venlo
† 1944-11-03
Venlo
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Women in the resistance - Venlo -

In the Venlo Book of the Dead (see link below, historie.venlo.nl), Hay Goertz writes about Hubertina Johanna Elisabeth Soree: “During the war, Bertha was active in the resistance in Venlo, where …

wall: right, row 30-02
Zaicsek /Zaiczek,
Karl
Karel “Koenen”
∗ 1921-07-18
Pecsbanyatelep/Pécs
† 1944-09-12
Sittard
- Geleen - Raad van Verzet (RVV) - Couriers of the Resistance -

Karl Zaicsek’s parents moved from Hungary to Lindenheuvel in Geleen. It is not known when exactly Karl and his parents came to Geleen. All we know is that Karl’s father died on February 9th, …

wall: middel, row 03-02