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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

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Underground Press



On the corner of the street

The underground press and Radio Oranje worked well together, as we see here. Someone writes a text, another makes a drawing to go with it and Jetty Paerl (Jetje of Radio Oranje) sings the spot song “On the corner of the street”. If you can still sing, then sing along!

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After the surrender of the Dutch army in May 1940, the occupation didn’t seem so bad at first. The National Socialists still hoped to win the Dutch over to their ideology. In contrast to Belgium and France, no military administration was set up, but a "civil" one. But that was only an appearance. The press was brought under German control as early as May 15, 1940, but the first free newspaper appeared on the same day. This created what is often referred to as the “illegal” press. After all, the resistance called itself “illegality”. By the end of the war, a large variety of sheets had been published in the millions. A more precise estimate is not possible. In addition, each copy was often passed from hand to hand. There weren’t any copiers yet. The most common means was the good old spirit duplicator, which the older ones among us still know from their school days. If such a printer was not available, the texts were copied by typing or even writing.
The distributors of this free press also often sold photos of the royal family and the like to fund all kinds of good causes. The need for uncensored information was great, especially since in May 1943 all radios had to be surrendered to make listening to Radio Oranje more difficult and even more when the Allied troops where approaching to liberate Europe from fascism. Of course, not all radios were handed in, and confiscated radios were also retrieved by combat groups.
The Nazis were aware of the dangerousness of this printed matter. They persecuted the makers with great doggedness, but also tried to create confusion with a fake resistance newspaper: De Gil (The Scream).
Below you will find people who have paid for this work with their life.
See also the Wikipedia category Nederlandse illegale pers in de Tweede Wereldoorlog, Dutch illegal press in World War II.


The fallen resistance people in Limburg

Underground Press – 107 pers.

Assen, van
Derk
∗ 1891-10-09
Hasselt (O)
† 1943-09-13
Horst (L)
- Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Maastricht -

He was a bailiff at the direct taxes, belonged to LO-Maastricht, married to Berendje Grolleman. [1]
They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland …

wall: left, row 29-02
Assen-Grolleman, van
Berendina
Berendje
∗ 1894-03-29
Hasselt (Ov)
† 1945-02-18
Ravensbrück
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Women in the resistance - Maastricht -

Almost from the beginning of the German occupation in 1940, Berendje Grolleman (Berendina van Assen-Grolleman) and her husband
wall: left, row 29-03
Balter,
Hendrik Hubert
∗ 1917-08-06
Schaesberg
† 1945-04-17
Flossenbürg AL Gröditz
- Underground Press - Schaesberg - Communists & Sympathizers -

Hendrik Hubert Balter was a collaborator of De Vonk (The Spark), a resistance magazine of the CPN. On May 29, 1942, a distributor of De Vonk, F.E. Scheper from Schaesberg, was arrested …
wall: right, row 13-01
Bartels,
Roelf H.
∗ 1868-09-25
Groningen
† 1942-12-14
KZ Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Groep Dresen - Maastricht -

Factory owner, co-founder of the Dresen Group. Bartels and his wife Maria, 36 years his junior, had two stores in Maastricht, one in Heggenstraat and one in St. Maartenslaan. Captain in the reserve …

wall: left, row 30-01
Beckhoven, van
Gerardus
Pater Beatus
∗ 1899-09-21
Amsterdam
† 1945-03-20
Bergen-Belsen
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - The clergy - People in hiding - Heerlen -

Gerard van Beckhoven or Father Beatus van Beckhoven OFM was kapelaan (vicar) in Heerlen at the rectorate church of St. Francis on the Laanderstraat in Heerlen [1] and there he became a …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 15-02
Benedic,
Nikolaus
Nico
∗ 1903-03-02
Aachen
† 1944-07-11
Natzweiler
- Underground Press - Ubach over Worms - Communists & Sympathizers -

Nico Benedic was the keeper of a little library and a member of the CPN [1]. Was he also a miner? Lived in Waubach. Arrested on May 30, 1942 for distributing party papers.De Vonk and De …
wall: right, row 24-01
Berckel, van
Karel C.
∗ 1892-08-19
Delft
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Heerlen -

Detailed information about the surgeon Karel van Berckel [1.1] can be found on the website of the National Memorial Camp Vught [1.2], where he was murdered. The following is an excerpt …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 15-03
Berden,
Sylvester
∗ 1919-09-02
Den Haag
† 1944-11-07
Kessel
- Underground Press - Studenten - People in hiding - Heel-Panheel - Intelligence -

Sylvester Willem Jerome Maria Martin Berden was a law student and during the German invasion he was a drafted sergeant at the Grebbeberg. See funeral card [1] and …
wall: left, row 13-02
Bilsen, van
Franciscus Jacobus Karolus
Frans
∗ 1911-01-25
Ginneken & Bavel
† 1944-01-19
Venlo
- Police - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Venlo -

Photo: collection of the Van Bilsen family [2]Frans van Bilsen was chief of the Ginniken police in 1940. [1#2][2]
During the occupation, he …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Bloemgarten,
Rudolf
∗ 1920-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-07-01
Bloemendaal
- Underground Press - Jews in resistance - Studenten - Maastricht -

Rudi Bloemgarten was born in Maastricht [1], lived as a child in Schaarbeek ( region of Brussels) from 1924 to 1933 and then in Amsterdam, where he studied medicine during the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Bongaerts,
Charles Marie Hubert Joseph
Charles
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Police - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Netwerk Bongaerts - Initial resistance - Heerlen -

Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that …

wall: left, row 16-01
Bos,
Lubbert
∗ 1900-08-10
Emmen
† 1943-04-06
KZ Buchenwald
- Brunssum - Communists & Sympathizers - Underground Press -

Lubbert Bos was a miner and a member of the CPN (Communist Party Netherlands).
Cammaert wrote about him on p.1000:
In August 1941, the party leadership again sent a liaison …
wall: left, row 06-01
Brinkman,
Herman Joseph Frederik
Herman
∗ 1874-04-04
Gulpen-Wittem
† 1945-03-04
Köln
- Underground Press - Roermond - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. -

The 70-year-old Herman Joseph Frederik Brinkman was a notary in Roermond. He was the widower of Sophie Marie Caroline Laurence de Ras († 13 November 1906) and remarried

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Brinkman,
Jan
∗ 1893-08-01
Koekange
† 1945-02-20
Dachau
- Underground Press - Ubach over Worms - Communists & Sympathizers -

Miner (hewer), born in Koekange [2], a village in the province of Drenthe, until 1997 municipality of De Wijk. He lived in Waubach. Worked for the party newspaper De …

wall: right, row 24-02
Brinkman,
Sophie Marie Amélie Jacqueline
Sophie
∗ 1908-10-18
Roermond Geboortedatum:
† 1945-03-06
Klingelpütz, Köln
- Women in the resistance - Underground Press - Roermond - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. -

Sophie Brinkman was the daughter of notary Herman Brinkman and Francisca Brinkman-Rohling in …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Brinkman-Rohling ,
Francisca Alberta Maria
Francisca
∗ 1875-01-18
Dokkum
† 1945-03-27
Maastricht
- Women in the resistance - Underground Press - Roermond - Initial resistance -

Francisca Brinkman-Rohling and her husband, 70-year-old notary Herman Brinkman, lived in Roermond [1] and were the parents of

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Busch,
Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
Apeldoorn
† 1943-05-25
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Underground Press - Hoensbroek - Communists & Sympathizers -

He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the …

wall: middel, row 10-02
Cahn,
David Leo
∗ 1923-12-07
Maastricht
† 1942-08-14
Auschwitz
- Jews in resistance - Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht - Underground Press -

Jewish butcher’s son, residing at Lenculenstraat 9 in Maastricht. He belonged to the civilian branch of the Dresen group, which was mainly engaged in the distribution of illegal leaflets …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-07
Crauwels,
Paul Nicolaas
Pauli
∗ 1901-08-17
Maastricht
† 1944-09-08
Sittard
- Underground Press - Sittard - Communists & Sympathizers -

Paul Crauwels was born in Oud-Vroenhoven, municipality of Maastricht, and was a typesetter. [1#5]
Machine setter at Alberts Printers in Sittard as well as working in …
wall: right, row 18-01
Creusen,
Jan Willem
Wiel "oom Kees"
∗ 1893-07-31
Kerkrade
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
- Raad van Verzet (RVV) - Couriers of the Resistance - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Kerkrade -

According to Cammaert [1], Wiel Creusen was a civil servant at the Distribution Office [2] and former chairman of the local Unie. [3]
He was also involved in helping, among …

wall: left, row 26-01
Debije,
Maria Josepha Hubertina Anna
Anna
∗ 1903-02-05
Schaesberg
† 1968-02-19
Arnhem
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Women in the resistance - Survivors - Heer -

Anna Debije is the widow of Giel Duijkers. The couple did, as often happened, their resistance work together. But as always in such cases: Giel was …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Diederen,
Karel Joseph
∗ 1917-10-10
Hoensbroek
† 1943-03-02
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Hoensbroek -

In his younger years he was active in the youth movement. When he was drafted into military service, he was a casual laborer. From September 2, 1937 with the 3rd Mounted Field Artillery …

wall: middel, row 13
Dobbe,
Theo
“Hans”
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
- Initial resistance - Knokploegen (K.P.) - - Limburg + -

Photo: Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940-1945 [2]In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Dost,
Mans
∗ 1905-12-10
Onstwedde
† 1942-11-12
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Heerlen - Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers -

Worker in a factory, liaison man for the party newspaper De Waarheid. In the card index Limburg [1] of the CPN (Communistische Partij Nederland) his last name is written Dorst, but …
wall: middel, row 06-01
Dresen,
Pierre Marie Joseph
Pierre
∗ 1897-02-07
Maastricht
† 1942-12-01
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht - Underground Press -

Pierre Dresen was a resident of Maastricht, demobilized professional soldier (sergeant major in the infantry [1]), temporary cashier of the distribution service, founder of the Dresen group, …

wall: left, row 31-01
Driessen,
Hendrik Gijsbert
Harry
∗ 1921-11-11
Horst
† 1944-09-06
Ravenstein?
- Studenten - Horst - Underground Press - Zwarte Plak -

Horst also did not escape the terror of the commando Berendsen of the AKD. They hunted down people in …
wall: left, row 23-01
Droitcourt,
Camille Michel Joseph Guido
Guido “Kamiel”
∗ 1915-09-27
Berlin-Pankow
† 1943-02-11
Hauptlager Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Groep Dresen - Geulle -

Guido Droitcourt had a German mother and a French father and was born in Berlin. At the age of 20 he came to Geulle with his mother, her husband and his half-brother. In July 1941 the first …

wall: middel, row 04-02
Duijkers,
Guillaume
Giel
∗ 1896-12-07
Meerssen
† 1945-02-23
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Local contacts - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Heer -

Giel Duijkers was a district official at PLEM (Provinciale Limburgse Electriciteits­maatschappij, Electricity Supply Company) [1#2]. He was married, was duikhoofd (diver’s chief,  …

wall: left, row 14-02
Eldert, van
Johannes Antonie
Jan
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Nijmegen - Communists & Sympathizers - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Van Eldert, a carpenter, was married to Wilhelmina van de Berg and distributed illegal newspapers, including De Waarheid. On June 17, 1944, at 2:15 a.m., he was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Engeln,
Paulus Anthonius
Tom
∗ 1902-01-30
Purmerend
† 1945-04-27
KZ Mauthausen-Ebensee
- Underground Press - Groep Dresen - Initial resistance - Maastricht -

Paulus Anthonius (Tom) Engeln, a shopkeeper and leather goods manufacturer living in Maastricht, was of German descent and divorced from a German wife, Betsy Wanger, with whom he had three …

wall: middel, row 14-02
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
- Initial resistance - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Francotte,
Wilhelm Joseph
Joep
∗ 1920-12-29
Vaals
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - People in hiding - Forced Labor - Vaals - Underground Press - -

Joep Francotte was a roofer/plumber from Vaals. His family website: He refused to work in Germany and was sentenced to months of forced labor in a camp for …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 25-05
Frissen,
Theodorus Joannes Gerardus Pierre
∗ 1923-10-29
Maastricht
† 1945-03-05
Buchenwald
- Maastricht - Underground Press -

Born in Maastricht, his parents were from Houthem and his last known address in the Netherlands was in Leiden. There he was an office worker. [1.1]
On October 10, 1943, he was arrested in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Gerards,
Wilhelm
Willi
∗ 1907-11-04
Bottrop (D)
† 1942-07-24
Heerlen
- Underground Press - Heerlen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Wilhelm Gerards was born in Bottrop (D) to parents from Heerlen and had Dutch citizenship since birth. His father was a miner there. When he was less than two years old, his parents returned to …

wall: middel, row 07-01
Geuns, van
Ernest George
∗ 1889-02-28
Soerabaja, NOI
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Retired colonial official (last Hoofdcommies in the then Nederlands Indië, now Indonesia). [9] In 1938, he and his family returned to the Netherlands for the children’s education [1.4] and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Giebels,
Jo
∗ 1909-09-06
Linne
† 1944-04-05
Bergen Belsen
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Brunssum - Group Smit -

The primary school teacher J.M.R. Giebels was a member of the Smit group. The cost of the weapons purchases was met with the proceeds from the sale of photographs of the royal family. The …

wall: left, row 05-03
Gotjé,
Bernardus Theodorus
Bernard
∗ 1903-07-18
Woensdrecht
† 1942-12-05
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Nieuwenhagen - Communists & Sympathizers -

The birthplace of Bernard Gotjé is Woensdrecht. That is why he is mentioned on brabantsegesneuvelden.nl:
In adulthood Bernard lived in Nieuwenhagen, Limburg, where he worked …
wall: right, row 01-02
Gronden, van der
Gerrit Jan
Gerrit
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Aid to Jews - Initial resistance - Maastricht - Valkenburg -

On November 6, 1897, at the age of almost two years, he moved with his parents and siblings from Dordrecht to Vlissingen, his mother’s birthplace, see civil registry card Vlissingen [1]. On …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 26-03
Grootheest, van
Gerard Catharinus
Gerard
∗ 1918-10-12
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Studenten - Underground Press -

Gerard van Grootheest was the local leader of the Amersfoort chemical service [7] and a student of indology at the RU in Utrecht [4]. He distributed banned printed matter and supported …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Gruijters,
Pierre Emile Joseph
Pierre
∗ 1906-03-14
Eijsden
† 1944-10-08
Effeld
- Underground Press - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Intelligence - Roermond -

Pierre Gruijters was Chief purchaser at the Patent- en Kristalsodafabriek in Linne. Roman Catholic. Member of the resistance. Arranged hiding addresses and provided the Allies …
wall: right, row 06-01
Gubbels,
André
Leon Serra
∗ 1921-05-26
(Bergen (L)
† 1944-08-11
Kamp Vught
- Underground Press - Studenten - Raad van Verzet (RVV) - Arcen en Velden -

André Lambert Henri Marie Gubbels was a student who played an important role in the founding of the Raad van Verzet (Resistance Council) in Limburg. He also participated in resistance …
wall: left, row 02-02
Gulikers,
Pieter Joseph Hubert
Pierre
∗ 1893-03-13
Itteren
† 1945-03-08
Amsterdam
- Maastricht - BS (Domestic Forces) - Underground Press -

Pierre Gulikers was a bookkeeper [1#3][7] and section commander of the BS in Santpoort-Dorp. [2]
On March 8, 1945 he was shot along with 51 others in Amsterdam, in retaliation for …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Hage,
Dirk Izaak
Dirk
∗ 1909-02-17
Dreischor
† 1943-04-03
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht -

After his demobilization as a soldier in 1940, Dirk Hage became a customs officer with the rank of hulpkommies and found some like-minded people in the Caberg (Maastricht) customs office. He …
wall: middel, row 17
Hamers,
Hubert Joseph Dyonisius
Huub
∗ 1921-04-16
Simpelveld
† 1944-12-29
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Studenten - Forced Labor - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - People in hiding - Underground Press - Simpelveld -

Huub Hamers from Simpelveld was the eldest son of the child-rich entrepreneurial family Hamers-Beckers, who ran a wholesale trade in colonial goods with a warehouse in the …
wall: right, row 16-04
Heber,
Willem Hubert
Willem
∗ 1889-02-23
Horn (L)
† 1945-03-25
Mauthausen
- Underground Press - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Heel-Panheel -

Farmer and earthworker Willem Hubert Heber, member of LO-Heel put his radio at the disposal of brothers Sylvester and Joost Berden, who needed it to …
wall: left, row 13-03
Heesch, van
Peter Johannes
Peter
∗ 1910-09-09
Maasbree
† 1944-06-28
Groß-Strehlitz
- Underground Press - Hoensbroek - Communists & Sympathizers -

Peter van Heesch was a miner. Jan van Kan [1] wrote: machine fitter.
The following information was taken from Het verborgen front: [2]
For a while, printing was done in his …
wall: middel, row 14
Hendriks,
Johannes Hubertus
Jan
∗ 1905-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-01-27
kamp Vught
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Maastricht -

Jan Hendriks was a pavement worker and worked in a pigment factory. [1]
In 1939, he ran for the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) for the Maastricht City Council. [2]
He was …

wall: left, row 31-04
Heuts,
Chris
∗ 1888-06-12
Meerssen
† 1943-02-24
Kamp Vught
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Maastricht -

Photo: Archive of the CPN Limburg [1]Chris Heuts was a plasterer. Distributor of the magazine De Vonk. At struikelsteentjes-maastricht.nl we can …
wall: left, row 32-01
Holty,
Bernhard
∗ 1890-11-29
Amsterdam
† 1942-01-10
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Aid to Jews - Maastricht -

The father of Bernard Theodoor Adolf Holty was German. In the Netherlands his name was often spelled as Holtij. After the death of his parents, Bernard moved in with his brother Franz and lived …

wall: left, row 33-01
Jacobs,
Karel
Père Hugues /Pater Hugo
∗ 1900-11-17
Antwerpen
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
- Underground Press - The clergy - Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Belgium -

He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His resistance activity began by helping escaped …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-03
Jansen,
Gerrit
∗ 1887-10-12
Olst (Gld.)
† 1943-03-19
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Ubach over Worms - Communists & Sympathizers -

The miner Gerrit Jansen lived in Waubach (municipatity of Ubach over Worms). Distributor of De vonk [3]?
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus …
wall: right, row 24-03
Janssen,
Cor
∗ 1918-02-22
Sevenum
† 1944-10-07
Beesel
- Beesel - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Underground Press - People in hiding -

Cor Janssen was a farmer. [1#2]
In the spring of 1944, an armed group (knokploeg or K.P.) Reuver was formed by B. Verstappen. Members were …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 02-05
Jong, de
Cornelis
Cees/Cor
∗ 1905-03-31
Rotterdam
† 1944-06-06
Bloemendaal
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + -

Cees de Jong was a sales representative of the Leder- en Drijfriemenfabriek Regouin in Cuijk. From 1942 he collected data on German military objects for Captain C. Hoogerland. He also …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Jong, de
Hendrik Roelof
Henk
∗ 1911-10-20
Wijmbretseradeel
† 1945-02-12
Haarlem
- Underground Press - Local contacts - Aid to Jews - - NV - The clergy - People in hiding - Venlo -

In 1940, Hendrik Roelof de Jong was appointed pastor of the Reformed Church in Venlo. He was co-editor of the illegal newspaper Trouw and a collaborator of the Nationaal Steun Fonds (National …
wall: right, row 28-05
Jongen,
Hubert
Huub
∗ 1910-10-22
Nieuwenhagen
† 1943-03-25
Bremen
- Underground Press - Ubach over Worms - Communists & Sympathizers - Forced Labor -

The miner Huub Jongen lived in Waubach (municipality of Ubach over Worms) and was a distributor of De vonk (The Spark) [1]
He was arrested on May 31, 1942. [2]
He was in the …
wall: right, row 24-04
Kluitmans,
Leo J.H.
Lei
∗ 1907-04-11
Swalmen
† 1945-04-29
Dachau
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Swalmen - Underground Press -

In „Het grote gebod“ (The Great Commandment) [1] we can read about the butcher Lei Kluitmans: “LO-Swalmen. Also: VN. arrested Feb.7, 1945”. What he did for the VN (probably Vrij …
wall: right, row 21-04
Koenders,
Albert
∗ 1888-01-20
Rhenen
† 1943-04-30
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Schaesberg - Communists & Sympathizers -

According to ARCH00347.148 the CPN’s records of their fallen members in Limburg, Albert Koenders was a store owner and was arrested for having distributed the party newspaper “De …
wall: right, row 12-02
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Bernburg (Neuengamme)
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Maastricht - Communists & Sympathizers -

Lambert Kraft was a representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, he headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved …

wall: left, row 33-03
Krol/Kroll,
Johan/Johann
∗ 1920-09-20
Heerlen
† 1942-12-13
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Ubach over Worms - Communists & Sympathizers -

Office worker, worked for the banned party newspaper De Waarheid [1], lived in Waubach. The sources do not agree on the spelling of the first and last name. Cammaert also gives a …

wall: right, row 25-01
Lansdorp,
Loek
Charles v.d. Heuvel
∗ 1921-07-15
Semarang
† 1944-09-05
Arnhem
- Underground Press - Studenten - Limburg + - Raad van Verzet (RVV) - Zwarte Plak -

Louis Albert (Luke) Lansdorp had studied at the Economische Hogeschool in Tilburg. He then joined the RVV group in Deurne, presumably because he had refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-07
Leclou,
Paul Leon Willem Antoon
Paul
∗ 1921-02-28
Voerendaal
† 1945-04-29
Dora-Mittelbau (Nordhausen)
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Voerendaal - Underground Press - Forced Labor -

Paul Leclou attended the MTS (Secondary Technical School).
Cammaert writes about the situation in Voerendaal in 1940:
Former soldiers like Th.G.H. Treuen, L.A. Vlemmings, C. …
wall: right, row 34-04
Linssen,
Henricus Ignatius
∗ 1888-07-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Ambtenaren - Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Henricus Ignatius Linssen worked in the distribution office of Nijmegen. He was married to Joanna Maria Elisabeth Teunissen and father of three children. He provided those in hiding with …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Lokerman,
Josephus Stephanus Hendricus
Jo “Thijs”
∗ 1901-02-05
Rotterdam
† 1945-02-11
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Aid to Jews - Underground Press - Maastricht - -

Jo Lokerman was train driver with the Dutch Railways [1] and the district leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only …

wall: left, row 32-05
Lubben,
Johan Herman
Johan
∗ 1893-10-24
Enschede
† 1944-12-07
Bergen-Belsen
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Heerlen -

Johan Lubben was a miner. Last place of residence: Heerlerheide.
The picturee and all of the following information can be found on scans posted by a family member at …
wall: middel, row 07-02
Maka,
Guillaume (Giel)
∗ 1898-10-27
Maastricht
† 1942-02-06
Leusden
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Maastricht -

Giel Maka was a civil engineering worker, belonged to the resistance group De Vonk (a.o. printing and distribution of illegal literature [1], arrested on 9 September 1941 for refusing to …
wall: left, row 34-01
Megen, van
Joseph Hubertus
Sef
∗ 1916-12-09
Venray-Leunen
† 1945-04-05
Dohnsen, D
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Aid to Jews - Netwerk Bongaerts - Broekhuizen -

Sef van Megen became a teacher in Grashoek near Helden in 1935 and then in Broekhuizen from 1937. He was beloved by the children. From 1941 he helped prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews to …

wall: left, row 05-01
Meijer,
Hendrikus Jozef
Henry /Harry
∗ 1920-10-06
Borne
† 1944-09-05
Vught
- Underground Press - People in hiding - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Studenten - Couriers of the Resistance - Venlo -

The resistance activities of Harry Meijer, a student, teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly …

wall: right, row 29-03
Miché,
Bernardus Marcus
Bernard
∗ 1887-07-30
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Underground Press -

Photo: Linotype typesetting machine, Wikimedia → → …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Muhren,
Piet
Père Étienne /Pater Stephanus
∗ 1908-09-14
Bergen-op-Zoom
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
- Underground Press - The clergy - Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Belgium -

Petrus („Piet“) Johannes Cornelis Muhren was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-04
Muller,
Jean Maurice
∗ 1920-02-06
Weltevreden (Ned.Ind
† 1944-07-21
Kamp Vught
- Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + - Ambtenaren -

As an official of the distribution office in Nijmegen, he passed on ration cards to people in hiding and he distributed banned newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Narinx,
Jozef Wilhelmus Hubertus
Jos
∗ 1889-11-24
Maastricht
† 1943-01-07
Neuengamme
- Artists - Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Maastricht -

Jos Narinx was a painter and one of the founders of the Limburgse Kunstkring [1] (Limburg Art Circle). Arrested on June 24, 1942 for anti-German sentiments and …
wall: left, row 34-03
Nas,
Adrianus Reinardus
Janus
∗ 1909-04-27
Rotterdam
† 1943-09-23
Wassenaar, Waalsdorpervlakte
- Underground Press - Brunssum - Communists & Sympathizers -

Janus Nas was a warehouse worker [1] and a full-time functionary of the Communist Party Netherlands (CPN). [2]
Unless otherwise noted, the following information is from Cammaert. …
wall: middel, row 02-02
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
AEL Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
- Studenten - Forced Labor - Initial resistance - Valkenburg - Underground Press -

Charles Nijst was a student at the Katholieke Economische Hogeschool (Catholic College of Economics) in Tilburg. [1]
The no longer existing weekly newspaper Het Land van …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 26-04
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - Limburg + - Underground Press -

A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rinzema /Rensema,
Sjoerd
∗ 1909-02-28
Drachten
† 1945-06-01
Maastricht
- Underground Press - Heerlen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Sjoerd Rinzema was a baker [1#12] and miner [1#2] and had lived in Heerlen since August 4, 1930. [1#3]
According to almost all sources, e.g. oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/ [6] …

wall: middel, row 08-01
Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
Jozef
∗ 1900-03-05
Paramaribo
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Underground Press - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Roomberg,
Eugène Marie Herman Martinus
Eugène
∗ 1905-03-14
Amsterdam
† 1947-02-13
Maastricht
- Underground Press - Artists - Maastricht -

Eugène Roomberg was an artist: watercolorist, painter and illustrator. His working period was from 1920 onwards. [1]
Unless otherwise stated, the information below comes from the …

wall: left, row 35-01
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wilhelmus Antonius
Wim
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
- Heerlen - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Underground Press - Initial resistance - Police -

Wim Rooijackers was a trade correspondent and a member of the mine police. Almost from the beginning of the war he was involved with prisoners of war who had escaped from German …

wall: left, row 17-03
Schillings,
Hubert Peter
Peter
∗ 1900-02-28
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-11-07
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Nieuwenhagen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Hubert Peter Schillings was a worker in a brickyard [1#1] and/or upholsterer. [3]
He was married to Ilse Luise Weller, a native of Dortmund, Germany. [1#4].
Arrested on June …

wall: right, row 02-01
Schillings,
Johan Joseph
Johan
∗ 1921-05-19
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-12-14
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Nieuwenhagen - Communists & Sympathizers -

The house painter Johan Joseph Schillings was son of Johan Peter Schillings and Anna Maria Erens. [1#1]
He was arrested on June 4, 1942 for having distributed De Vonk. On the same day …
wall: right, row 01-05
Schiphorst,
Thomas Adrianus Maria
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
- Underground Press - Studenten - Heerlen - Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) -

Tom Schiphorst lived at Paddepoelscheweg 15 in Nijmegen, took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. Member of the LO-Maas & …
wall: left, row 18-01
Schols,
Albertus Eugenius Leonardus
Ab
∗ 1916-04-10
Maastricht
† 1944-10-25
Effeld (D)
- Underground Press - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Maastricht -

Ab Schols was department head at the rijksverkeersinspectie (National Traffic Inspectorate) and deputy secretary of the director. During the occupation he was an collaborator of L.O. leaders …
wall: left, row 36-02
Smid,
Hendrikje
∗ 1922-04-08
Smilde
† 1944-10-15
Hoensbroek
- Communists & Sympathizers - Underground Press - Women in the resistance - Hoensbroek -

Hendrikje Smid was a daughter of Hendrik Jan Smid (1898-1961) and Geziena Hesse (1902-1968). [1]
In the card index of CPN victims in Limburg, it is noted on her card that she worked for …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-28
Smink,
Harmen
∗ 1919-11-26
Harderwijk
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
- OD trial of Maastricht - Underground Press - Intelligence - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Maastricht -

The source of the text below is mostly the English version of Traces of War. [1]
The photograph is from the Death Book of the Orange Hotel. [4]
Harmen Smink did his military service …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Snijders,
Johannes Franciscus
Frans
∗ 1916-09-16
Helden L.
† 1944-09-05
Vught
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Police - Weert - Underground Press -

Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je …
wall: right, row 35-05
Snippe,
Derk
∗ 1893-11-30
Emmen
† 1943-04-05
Buchenwald (Weimar)
- Underground Press - Ubach over Worms - Communists & Sympathizers -

Derk Snippe was a miner, lived in Waubach. Voluntary collaborator of De Vonk. Arrêté le 30 mars 1942. [1][2]
In his file at the OGS archives, the question whether his name was Dirk …

wall: right, row 24-05
Soesman,
Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus
Gerard
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
- Initial resistance - Jews in resistance - Valkenburg - Underground Press - Maastricht - Communists & Sympathizers -

Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945 [1], in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 35-04
Sonneville,
Alphonse
Fons
∗ 1883-07-23
Maastricht
† 1945-02-25
Dachau
- Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers - Intelligence - Maastricht -

As the following shows, Fons Sonneville was not a communist, but he did work with communists. Therefore, he was considered and treated as such by the Nazis. This cost him his life.
He was an …

wall: left, row 36-04
Span,
Petrus
Piet
∗ 1908-10-14
Nijmegen
† 0000-00-00
Leusderheide
- People in hiding - Nijmegen - Communists & Sympathizers - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Piet Span was a carpenter. Distributor of De Waarheid (The Truth), had gone into hiding in the Waterkwartier. He was betrayed, the identity of the traitor is unclear. Arrested on June 17, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spillenaar Bilgen,
Marinus
∗ 1892-10-25
Salatiga, NOI
† 1944-09-04
Vught
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Limburg + - Knokploegen (K.P.) -

The pharmacist’s son Marinus Spillenaar Bilgen, as director of the Gelderland paper mill in Nijmegen, supplied large quantities of paper to underground newspapers such as Trouw [2][5] and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spreksel,
Charles
∗ 1916-07-03
Heerlen
† 1945-01-07
KZ Schömberg, KZ Natzweiler
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Heerlen -

Charles Spreksel was the son of Frans Spreksel, a builder, and Agnes Schepens. Since his demobilization he worked as chief window dresser at the Schunck department store in …

wall: left, row 19-03
Stad, van der
Nicolaas
∗ 1890-02-07
Nijmegen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Underground Press -

Cellist, muziekleraar, directeur Muziek Lyceum Amsterdam en Nijmeegsche Volksmuzieschool. Oprichter O.D. en Parool in Nijmegen. Zat in de landelijke OD-top. gearresteerd op 4 oktober 1941. …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Tersteeg,
Johannes Arnoldus
Nol
∗ 1890-01-01
Huissen
† 1943-01-21
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Nieuwenhagen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Nol Tersteeg was a miner. Arrested on May 31, 1942. Reason: “Support to people in hiding and to De Waarheid (The Truth)”. [1]
According to Ad van Liempt [2], he was a more or …
wall: right, row 02-02
Theunissen,
Johannes Wilhelmus Hubertus
Giel
∗ 1904-01-30
Mesch (L)
† 1944-09-08
Stadbroek, gem.Sittard
- Underground Press - Munstergeleen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Since April 3rd, 1931, he lived in Munstergeleen [1#3]. Unmarried. Newspaper deliverer. Member of the resistance under the pseudonym Giel.
“On September 7, 1944, two distributors of …

wall: left, row 39-02
Tholen,
Heinrich
Hein
∗ 1907-01-23
Willich (D)
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Schaesberg - Communists & Sympathizers -

Hein Tholen was originally a bricklayer [2#1], married to Madeleine Bonni from Montzen [2#5] near Eupen (B). He was registered in Schaesberg on 1 April 1939, coming from Belgium, and …

wall: right, row 12-03
Tholen,
Johannes Mathijs Lambert
Sjeng
∗ 1917-12-04
Urmond
† 1945-04-05
Mauthausen (A)
- Urmond - Underground Press -

Sjeng Tholen was born and lived in Urmond. [1]
At the age of 16, he attended the OVS (Underground Vocational School) to learn the profession of a miner. Two years later he …
wall: right, row 25-03
Tobben,
Hendricus Hubertus
Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Police - Heerlen - Intelligence - Netwerk Bongaerts - -

Harry Tobben was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I …

wall: left, row 19-05
Toussaint,
Christiaan Canisius
Christ
∗ 1896-10-21
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Christ Toussaint was a department head at the E.R.K. (Eerste Rooms Katholieke Levensverzekering Maatschappij). He distributed radio news from London and forbidden newspapers and supported the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Treytel /Treijtel,
Petrus Laurentius
Piet
∗ 1877-08-09
Rotterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
- Underground Press - Nijmegen - Communists & Sympathizers - Limburg + -

Piet Treijtel was a carpenter. He worked on the party newspaper De Waarheid (the truth) and was involved in various other illegal activities. He was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe at 4:00 …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vallen,
Stephanus Hubertus
∗ 1901-03-11
Rothem, B
† 1943-05-02
Neuengamme
- Venlo - Communists & Sympathizers - Underground Press -

He was a mason and an acquaintance of Lubbert Bos. Distributor of the party newspaper De Vonk [1]
Last address: Maasschriksel 13, …
wall: middel, row 24
Veerman,
Christiaan Jac.
Lou
∗ 1887-07-27
Kesteren
† 1945-01-17
Siegburg (D)
- Underground Press - Geleen - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Forced Labor - -

Former soldier and after his demobilization overseer in the state mine Maurits in Geleen. He was in contact with the OD group in Heerlen and Charles …
wall: left, row 09-05
Vinerius /Vienerius,
Engelbert Joseph
∗ 1893-05-10
Rheine
† 1942-11-17
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Heerlen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Miner, distributor of De Vonk and De Waarheid, arrested on June 19, 1942, at the same time as Johan Herman Lubben,
wall: middel, row 08-02
Vlemmings,
Lambert
∗ 1918-11-10
Breda
† 1945-02-23
Dachau
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Heerlen -

Lambertus Arnoldus Vlemmings was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 parcel deliveryman at Van Gend & Loos. At the beginning of the war, he distributed …
wall: left, row 19-04
Wagter,
Arp
∗ 1907-01-17
Groningen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Communists & Sympathizers - Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + -

Arp Wagter was a blacksmith and machine fitter. On June 6, 1944, he was arrested in Nijmegen.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [6]:Arp Wagter, married to …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Wetering, van de
Maricus
∗ 1905-05-06
Heesch
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Schaesberg - Communists & Sympathizers -

Maricus van de Wetering was a miner and member of the CPN (Communistische Partij Nederland). Arrested on Mai 30, 1942 for having distributed the CPN papers De Vonk and De …
wall: right, row 12-04
Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport vanuit Neuengamme
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Police - Limburg + - Underground Press - Intelligence - Nijmegen -

Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen, see the memorial plaque in the slaughterhouse [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Witvoet,
Marinus
∗ 1922-12-13
Emmen
† 1944-10-28
Venlo
- Communists & Sympathizers - Underground Press - Forced Labor - Geleen -

Marinus Witvoet was a miner from Lutterade, gemeente Geleen, who worked for the communist party newspaper De Waarheid. Arrested in Geleen on March 24, 1944. [1]
He was imprisoned in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-32